Page 10 - FAA-H-8083-4 Helicopter Instructor's Handbook
P. 10

Chapter 5                                           Environmental Systems (Heating/Cooling)..............5-25
        Helicopter Components, Sections, and                Anti-Icing Systems ...................................................5-25
        Systems ................................................................5-1  Engine Anti-Ice .....................................................5-25
        Introduction ....................................................................5-1  Carburetor Icing ....................................................5-25
          Airframe Design .........................................................5-2  Preflight and Deicing ............................................5-26
          Rotor Blade Design ....................................................5-2  Instructor Tips ..............................................................5-26
          Powerplant Design .....................................................5-2  Chapter Summary ........................................................5-26
          Antitorque System Design .........................................5-2
          Landing Gear System Design .....................................5-2  Chapter 6
        Airframe .........................................................................5-2  Rotorcraft Flight Manual .....................................6-1
          Aluminum ...................................................................5-3  Introduction ....................................................................6-1
            Advantages .............................................................5-3  Introducing the Manual ..................................................6-2
            Disadvantages .........................................................5-3  Sections of the Manual ...................................................6-2
          Composite Construction .............................................5-4  General Information (Section 1).................................6-2
            Advantages .............................................................5-4  Operating Limitations (Section 2) ..............................6-2
            Disadvantages .........................................................5-4  Emergency Procedures (Section 3) ............................6-4
        Fuselage .........................................................................5-4  Normal Procedures (Section 4) ..................................6-4
        Main Rotor System ........................................................5-4  Performance (Section 5) .............................................6-5
          Rigid Rotor System ....................................................5-5  Weight and Balance (Section 6) .................................6-6
          Semirigid Rotor System .............................................5-5  Aircraft and Systems Description (Section 7) ............6-6
          Fully Articulated Rotor System ..................................5-8  Handling, Servicing, and Maintenance (Section 8) ....6-6
          Bearingless Rotor System ........................................5-10  Supplements (Section 9) .............................................6-7
          Tandem Rotor ...........................................................5-10  Chapter Summary ..........................................................6-8
          Coaxial Rotor System ...............................................5-11
          Swashplate Assembly ...............................................5-12  Chapter 7
        Antitorque Systems ......................................................5-14  Weight and Balance ............................................7-1
          Tail Rotor .................................................................5-14  Introduction ....................................................................7-1
          Other Types of Antitorque System ...........................5-14  Weight ............................................................................7-2
        Engines .........................................................................5-16  Definitions ..................................................................7-2
          Reciprocating Engine (Piston)..................................5-16  Determining Empty Weight .......................................7-2
          Turbine Engine .........................................................5-16  Balance ...........................................................................7-3
          Compressor ...............................................................5-18  Center of Gravity (CG)...............................................7-3
          Combustion Chamber ...............................................5-18  CG Forward of Forward Limit ...............................7-3
          Turbine .....................................................................5-18  CG Aft of Aft Limit ................................................7-3
        Transmission System ...................................................5-19  Lateral Balance ...........................................................7-4
          Main Rotor Transmission .........................................5-19  Ballast .........................................................................7-4
          Antitorque Drive System ..........................................5-20  Weight and Balance Calculations ..................................7-4
          Clutch .......................................................................5-20  Weight Versus Aircraft Performance .........................7-5
          Freewheeling Unit ....................................................5-20  Arm (Station) ..............................................................7-5
        Fuel System ..................................................................5-21  Moment ......................................................................7-5
        Engines .........................................................................5-21  Weight and Balance Methods.....................................7-6
          Reciprocating Engines ..............................................5-21  Computational Method ...........................................7-6
            Carburetor .............................................................5-21  Loading Chart Method  ...........................................7-6
            Carburetor Ice .......................................................5-22  Combination Method ..............................................7-8
            Fuel Injection ........................................................5-22  Calculating Lateral CG ...........................................7-9
        Electrical Systems ........................................................5-23  Instructor Tips ..............................................................7-10
        Hydraulics ....................................................................5-23  Chapter Summary ........................................................7-10
          Hydraulic System Components ................................5-23
          Hydraulic System Failure .........................................5-24  Chapter 8
        Stability Augmentation Systems (SAS) .......................5-24  Helicopter Performance ......................................8-1
          Autopilot ...................................................................5-25  Introduction ....................................................................8-1


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