Page 5 - Risk Management Handbook Change 1
P. 5

Preface





                                                                         Accident Categories – Pilot Related             Maneuvering Accident Trend
                                                                                                                                    g
               This handbook is a tool designed to help recognize and                                              30%
                                                                             4.3% (42)
               manage risk. It provides a higher level of training to the   Preflight/Taxi  2.3% (5)       Total                                   27.5%
               pilot in command (PIC) who wishes to aspire to a greater   Takeoff/Climb  16.4% (160)       Fatal       25.8%  25.2%  26.1%              25.0%
               understanding of the aviation environment and become    Fuel      8.8% (86) 14.4% (31)              25%                        24.1%
               a better pilot. This handbook is for pilots of all aircraft   Management  5.1% (11)                                       22.3%
               from Weight-Shift Control (WSC) to a Piper Cub, a Twin   Weather  5.2% (51)  14.8% (32)
               Beechcraft, or a Boeing 747. A pilot’s continued interest   1.6% (16)                               20%               20.2%
               in building skills is paramount for safe flight and can assist   Other Cruise  6.5% (14)                                                 Total
                                                                                                                                                        Fatal
                                                                     Descent/
               in rising above the challenges which face pilots of all   Approach  6.7% (65)  19.0% (41)
               backgrounds.                                                  4.4% (43)                             15%
                                                                    Go-Around  2.3% (5)
               Some basic tools are provided in this handbook for   Maneuvering   9.7% (94)   25.0% (54)
               developing a competent evaluation of one’s surroundings                              40.3% (392)    10%  9.3%  9.2%  9.7%  9.5%  9.9%  9.8%  9.7%
               that allows for assessing risk and thereby managing it in a   Landing  3.7% (8)                                       7.7%
               positive manner. Risk management is examined by reviewing   Other  2.5% (24) 6.9% (15)
               the components that affect risk thereby allowing the pilot to   0%  5%  10%  15%  20%  25%  30%  35%  40%  45%  5%
                                                                                                                                                        '06
               be better prepared to mitigate risk.                                                       Fig. 4       '99  '00  '01  '02  '03  '04  '05  Fig. 5
                                                                 Figure I-1. The percentage of aviation accidents by phase of
               The pilot’s work requirements vary depending on the mode   flight.                                    Descent and Approach Accident Trend
                                                                                                                                  pp
                                                                   accounted for 73.8 percent of total and 79.1 percent of
               of flight. As for a driver transitioning from an interstate onto   fatal GA accidents. As previously discussed, pilot-relat-  20%
               the city streets of New York, the tasks increase significantly   Occasionally, the word “must” or similar language is used   17.8%  18.3%  19.0%
                                                                   ed accidents also represented a smaller proportion of
               during the landing phase, creating greater risk to the pilot and   where the desired action is deemed critical. The use of such   16.7%  17.1%
                                                                   overall accidents in 2006.
               warranting actions that require greater precision and attention.   language is not intended to add to, interpret, or relieve a
               This handbook attempts to bring forward methods a pilot can   duty imposed by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations   15%
                                                                   The accident categories shown in Figure 4 are defined
               use in managing the workloads, making the environment safer   (14 CFR).                                          14.3%
                                                                   by the phase of flight in which the accident occurred
               for the pilot and the passengers. [Figure I-1]      (for example, landing or maneuvering), or by primary
                                                                   factor (such as fuel management or weather). Accidents
                                                                 Comments regarding this publication should be sent, in email                 12.4%  11.2%
               This handbook may be purchased from the Superintendent   form, to the following address:            10%                                  Total
                                                                   in the categories of weather, other cruise,
               of Documents, United States Government Printing Office   descent/approach, maneuvering, and “other” resulted in            7.7%          Fatal
                                                                   disproportionately high numbers of fatal accidents when
               (GPO), Washington, DC 20402-9325, or from the GPO   AFS630comments@faa.gov                                   6.8%
               website at http://bookstore.gpo.gov.                compared to total accidents for that category.                     7.0%              6.7%
                                                                                                                    5%          5.6%           5.2%
                                                                                                                       4.9%                        4.8%
               This handbook is also available for download, in PDF format,   Leading causes of pilot-related fatal accidents in 2006 were:
               from the Regulatory Support Division (AFS-600) website at   •Maneuvering: 25.0 percent (54)
               http://www.faa.gov.                                 • Descent/Approach: 19.0 percent (41)
                                                                   •Weather: 14.8 percent (32)                      0%  '99  '00  '01  '02  '03  '04  '05  '06
                                                                   •Takeoff/Climb: 14.4 percent (31)                                                    Fig. 6

                                                                   Maneuvering accidents, which accounted for one of four  2005 to 19.0 percent in 2006. This area will be tracked
                                                                   (25.0 percent) fatal GA accidents, showed an improve-  closely over the next several years to monitor progress.
                                                                   ment from the 27.5 percent recorded the previous year.
                                                                   These accidents often involve questionable pilot judg-  Pilot-related weather crashes were comparable to the
                                                                   ment, such as decisions to engage in buzzing, low passes,  previous year, registering 51 (5.2 percent) total and 32
                                                                   or other high-risk activities. The trend in maneuvering  (14.8 percent) fatal pilot-related accidents. Most often,
                                                                   accidents shows a slight increase in the percentage of  these fatal accidents resulted from pilots continuing
                                                                   both total and fatal maneuvering accidents since 1999.  VFR flight into instrument meteorological conditions
                                                                                                                 (IMC). In the long term, weather accidents continue
                                                                   Fatal descent and approach accidents, on the other  their gradual increase. Figure 7 charts the trend of
                                                                   hand, increased from 11.2 percent of the fatal crashes in  weather-related accidents.

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